« Separation flow Control »
The conception of aeronautic system or road vehicle faces challenging issues such as: prediction of receptivity modes generated by the actuation, development of optimal and robust control, closed loop, conception of micro-scale actuators and sensors, optimal use of energy conversion, establishment of measure fast estimation process, To address these issues, a better understanding of underlying physics and related interactions are needed.
In the context of aerodynamic performance which is cornerstone in both aeronautic and automotive domains, the flow separation presents an important issue challenge. This mechanism leads to a decrease of performances. One way to improve these situations is to use a control. This control must be active and low cost.
The efficiency of the control is closely dependent on the used systems and technics. To reach this goal, scientific and technical progresses are needed. On the scientific point of view, mechanisms leading to a separation have to be analyzed and characterized. Also, the actuation has to be efficient and low cost. The technical goal concerns both the sensor and actuator systems. More exactly which parameter has to be selected to first apply the actuation and then to evaluate the results by using suitable sensors. For the actuation, it relies on the choice of high quality actuator to develop and to be able to satisfy fulfill requirements.
GDR (Groupement De Recherche / Joint Research Project) is a CNRS federative project between French university research laboratories and ONERA departments working in the framework of flow control and sensors or actuators technologies. Aeronautical and car industries interested in using flow control are also involved as partnership (Dassault-Aviation, PSA, Renault, SNECMA, Plastic-Omnium, Eurocopter). The GDR is a multi-disciplinary network. The objective of this national network is to develop a collaborative project from the fundamental concept to a full scale demonstrator.
The control of high lift induced separation on airfoil may improve the flight envelope of current aircraft or even simplify the complex and heavy high-lift devices on commercial airframes. This is also the case for car vehicle where the control can improve drag, reduce noise and hence reduce pollutant emissions and fuel consumption. The work involved here coverss experimental, numerical and theoretical studies done in the context of French national program (GDR2502 Flow Separation Control) devoted to design better actuators and to set up optimal and robust control.
In the context of the GDR program, development of sensors and actuators is also concerned. Many techniques have been used to produce continuous jets, pulsed jets or synthetic jets. Mechanical, acoustical, magneto - dynamical, piezo - electrical, plasmas techniques have been used. The developed prototypes reach the level required for a practical application of control. The acoustic or piezo-electrical synthetic jets have been used to enhance the lift of the airfoil or to decrease the drag on the car configuration. The MEMS actuators have been also used. The plasma is also used on the airfoil to prevent separation.
Both open and closed loops have been satisfactory tested. The reduced order model is used to better analyze the effect of control and to perform optimization.
Table of Contents
GDR 2502 “Separation Flow Control”, Azeddine Kourta
Invited conferences (Abstracts)
Successes and Scaling Issues in Bluff Body Drag Reduction,
Active control of turbulence and fluid-structure interactions,
Chapter 3 - Characterization and control of road vehicle aerodynamic
The control of stationary modes in three-dimensional turbulent wakes as a strategy for drag reduction, M. Grandemange, M. Gohlke, O. Cadot
Fluidic control of wake-flow behind a two-dimensional square-back bluff body,
S. Chaligné, T. Castelain, M. Michard, D. Chacaton, D. Juvé
Characterization of the streamwise vortices and near-wake dynamics in the turbulent flow around the 25° Ahmed body based on SPIV,
C. Jermann, G. Pujals, P. Meliga, E. Serre, F. Gallaire
Transient analysis of a turbulent wake from a square back bluff body LES computation,
Y. Eulalie, P. Gilotte, I. Mortazavi, P. Bobillier
Chapter 4 – Analysis and control of separation
Characterisation of the transient dynamics of a controlled separated flow using fluidic vortex generators,
C. Raibaudo, F. Kerhervé, M. Stanislas
Salient and smooth edge ramps inducing turbulent boundary layer separation: flow characterization for control perspective,
A. Debien, S. Aubrun, N. Mazellier, A. Kourta
Optimization of jet parameters to control the flow on a ramp,
E. Guilmineau, R. Duvigneau, J. Labroquère
Numerical simulation and control of the flow over a backward facing ramp,
C.H. Bruneau, M. Jedouaa, K. Khadra, I. Mortazavi
Flow control on a 3D backward facing ramp by pulsed jets,
P. Joseph, D. Bortolus, F. Grasso
Upstream open loop control of the recirculation area downstream of a backward-facing step,
N. Gautier, J.-L. Aider
Chapter 5 – Characterization and control of airfoil flow
Experimental closed-loop control of flow separation on a simple hinged flap,
T. Chabert, J. Dandois, E. Garnier
Transonic Buffet Control on 3D Turbulent Wings using Fluidic Devices. Part 1: Open loop study,
J. Dandois, J.-B. Dor, P. Molton, A. Lepage, F. Ternoy, E. Coustols
Transonic Buffet Control on 3D Turbulent Wings using Fluidic Devices. Part 2: an experimental investigation of a closed loop methodology,
A. Lepage, A. Geeraert, J. Dandois, V. Brunet, P. Molton, F. Ternoy, J.-B. Dor, E. Coustols
On the origin of unsteadiness in a shock wave/laminar boundary layer interaction,
F. Guiho, F. Alizard, J.-C. Robinet
Chapter 6 – Methods and Modeling
Model reduction using Dynamic Mode Decomposition,
G. Tissot, L. Cordier, N. Benard, B. R. Noack
Flow control of a two-dimensional compressible cavity flow using direct
output feedback law,
C. Airiau, L. Cordier
Open-loop control of a separated boundary layer,
E. Boujo, F. Gallaire, U. Ehrenstein
Micro-scale hot wire anemometer based on low stress (Ni/W) multi-layers deposited on nano-crystalline diamond for air flow sensing,
A. Talbi, L. Gimeno, J-C Gerbedoen, R. Viard, A. Soltani, V. Mortet, V. Preobrazhensky, A. Merlen, P. Pernod
Coherent structures in the boundary layer of a flat thick plate,
B. Podvin, Y. Fraigneau, C. Tenaud, V. Daru
Chapter 7 – Conclusions