Evaluation floue d’une zone de feu basée sur la topographie pour la simulation de la propagation de feux de forêt

The modeling of wildfire spread is a critical tool for emergency response teams in their task coordination. Landscape characteristics like topography, as well as atmospheric factors like wind, significantly influence the progression of a wildfire. Yet, some propagation details, such as the pace in windy situations or the spread rate on level ground, inherently contain uncertainty. This research puts forward a fuzzy logic method centered on terrain for wildfire evolution prediction. To demonstrate its wide applicability, we will present this analysis using various examples from a specific region in Southern France.